LV. 50
GP 4k

RE:【心得】美國槍枝管制??

樓主 Ceallaigh LUGIAHUA
GP4 BP-
※ 引述《HN01 (飘过的蝶)》之銘言
> 轉個文http://ido.3mt.com.cn/Article/200705/show715368c30p1.html
> 由此我們可以看到,美國並沒有在憲法中保證公民持槍的絕對權利和自由,自然也就不存在什麽美國用憲法保證人民推翻政府的自由和權利
> P.S.這也是乾貨了,不過要真是這樣,歐美人的文字遊戲已經逆天了
> P.S.2.台灣法律我不熟,外婆這裡倒是有聽到拿步槍的,不過沒見過

所謂民兵指的是軍隊而不是人民
是非常流行
但是已經過時的論述

2008年美國最高法院釋憲案已經確立
所謂民兵, 是指任何成年美國男性公民, 並不需要與軍事服役有關
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/07-290.ZS.html/07-290.ZS.html

(b) The prefatory clause comports with the Court’s interpretation of the operative clause.  The “militia” comprised all males physically capable of acting in concert for the common defense.  The Antifederalists feared that the Federal Government would disarm the people in order to disable this citizens’ militia, enabling a politicized standing army or a select militia to rule. The response was to deny Congress power to abridge the ancient right of individuals to keep and bear arms, so that the ideal of a citizens’ militia would be preserved.  Pp. 22–28.

但是第二憲法並非無線上鋼
不代表可以攜帶任何武器, 或是隨意攜帶武器
所以政府可以限制持有武器的種類

2. Like most rights, the  Second Amendment  right is not unlimited.  It is not a right to keep and carry any weapon whatsoever in any manner whatsoever and for whatever purpose:  For example, concealed weapons prohibitions have been upheld under the Amendment or state analogues.  The Court’s opinion should not be taken to cast doubt on longstanding prohibitions on the possession of firearms by felons and the mentally ill, or laws forbidding the carrying of firearms in sensitive places such as schools and government buildings, or laws imposing conditions and qualifications on the commercial sale of arms. Miller’s holding that the sorts of weapons protected are those “in common use at the time” finds support in the historical tradition of prohibiting the carrying of dangerous and unusual weapons.  Pp. 54–56.

第二憲法保障人民持有手槍自衛的權利
The handgun ban and the trigger-lock requirement (as applied to self-defense) violate the  Second Amendment .  The District’s total ban on handgun possession in the home amounts to a prohibition on an entire class of “arms” that Americans overwhelmingly choose for the lawful purpose of self-defense


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