LV. 27
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RE:【密技】推動非核家園仍不缺電

701 樓 阿華田 masaki102418
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冬天快到了,不缺電啦
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LV. 24
GP 86
702 樓 圓圓 OOXXOXOX
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樓上都中共同路人
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LV. 23
GP 652
703 樓 薩麥爾_被中共同路人 b10406004
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這串也有站規28啊?
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LV. 22
GP 77
704 樓 噁心綠共,荼毒台灣 oo910518
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缺電了
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LV. 27
GP 717
705 樓 NA qzwxas123456
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706 樓 NA qzwxas123456
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Google 最近承諾將在 2030 年前全面採用無碳能源(carbon-free energy)來營運旗下所有業務。不過並不排除使用核能;也宣布公司至今已購買足夠的碳補償(carbon offset)量,認為足以抵銷 Google 從 1998 年創立以來所產生的碳排放。

從「碳中和」到「全面無碳」
根據 TheVerge 報導,Google 從 2007 年起開始致力於實現碳中和(carbon neutral),希望藉由投資再生能源、節約能源等方式,來補償其對環境所產生的碳排放。只是,這樣做仍然無法讓 Google 擺脫對化石燃料的依賴,因為據統計 Google 在 2018 年就排放 490 萬頓的溫室氣體,約等同於 100 萬輛小客車在一年內所產生的碳排放總和。

因此,當今年夏天加州山火燒不盡、染橘美國西部天空之際,Google 執行長 Sundar Pichai 在官網宣布,將在 2030 年前全面採用無碳能源。當 Google 的資料中心採用無碳能源,每一名使用者透過 Gmail 傳送的電子郵件、用 Google 搜尋時輸入的每個問題、看過的每個 YouTube 影音以及出門時用 Google Maps 規劃的每條路線,都將以無碳能源的形式來提供。

其實,去年 9 月 Google 就曾啟動歷史上最大型的企業購買再生能源計畫,購買超過 1600 兆瓦的風能、太陽能協議以及其他新能源。

然而,對這家 24 小時運轉的網路巨擘來說,在他們能真正全面仰賴無碳能源之前,可能仍得克服現階段技術障礙,例如:陰天或沒有風時,就必須擁有大量儲能電池來持續提供電力。

Google 也正在研究如何結合 AI 人工智慧,來提早預測公司的電力需求並提高效率,未來可能也得將旗下營運據點搬到擁有再生能源以及相關政策支持的市場。

不排除使用核能
儘管仍有上述挑戰,Google 表示率先做出這樣的承諾可望拋磚引玉,鼓勵其他公司加入相關行動,也期望在 2025 年前創造 1.2 萬個新工作機會。

值得注意的是,Google 並不考慮放棄核能。雖然核能會產生核廢料,因此普遍不被視為再生能源,但因為高階核能不會產生碳排放,因此有些環保主義者也支持。面對相關疑問,Google 發言人僅委婉回應,所有無碳技術都可望在零碳電力系統中發揮作用,因此並不會忽視任何一種技術可能。

Google 之所以敢於做出「2030 年前全面無碳能源」大膽承諾,其實也是回應去年 11 月旗下超過 2000 名員工所發起的聯合抗議行動。當時 Google 員工共同呼籲公司降低碳排放,而亞馬遜、微軟旗下員工也陸續響應相關行動;但截自目前為止,Google 是唯一針對員工呼籲而做出具體回應的科技公司。
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707 樓 白清淨 sd7336315
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LV. 27
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708 樓 NA qzwxas123456
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https://udn.com/news/story/7339/4863327

經濟部電價審議會日前決議下半年電價維持不變,即便燃料價格過去半年一直低檔震盪,台電的發電成本下降,但審議會最終決定電價不予調降。

針對電價的第五度凍結,經濟部提出兩點說明:一是今年國際原油價格雖下跌,但未來有緩慢上升趨勢;二是台電今年需提撥核能後端營運費用,售電成本增加。這兩點表面上言之成理,背後不無政策補漏與摜壓核電的意圖。

過去兩年四次的電價審議結果,分別因縣市長選舉、總統大選及新冠疫情而凍漲,不僅讓浮動電價的設計初衷無法落實,也因此沾上政治考量的惡名,台電公司更被要求透過電價平穩基金彌補電價凍漲後的虧損。電價不變的理由可能不只一個,但經濟部的兩點說明卻絲毫不具說服力。

首先,電價審議會每半年召開一次,本次會議決定的是下半年的電價,而不調降的理由之一是預期國際原油價格有上升趨勢。檢視美國原油與北海原油的價格變化,皆是從今年初的每桶六十五美元一路下跌至四月底的近廿美元,七、八月近乎持平在四十美元,過去兩周更開始出現下跌走勢,不知審議會的趨勢從何得來?而且本次會議僅需決定未來半年的電價,油價後續真的突然出現大幅波動,交由下次審議會討論不遲。

其次,台電今年需提撥核能後端營運費用的說詞,根本意圖糊弄民眾。從核電開始營運,核能後端基金即開始提撥,即使目前僅核二、三廠繼續運轉,台電每年仍從核電盈餘中提撥一定比例作為後端基金,並非如經濟部所述「今年」必須提撥後端基金。

只不過,經濟部今年打算將後端基金的數額,從目前的三三五三億元一舉提高到四七二九億元,此調整依法必須在二○二五年到位。這個一石二鳥的盤算確實「用心良苦」,一方面可為集中式貯存場與用過核燃料室內乾貯預留經費,另一方面更可營造核電成本高昂的假象。

真相是,我國對於用過核燃料早已定調為「地底掩埋式最終處置」,新增的集中式貯存場與室內乾貯都不在既有規畫中,原因是集中式貯存場的安全規格與地質要求均與最終處置場相同,眼見高階放廢最終處置的立法與場址遴選迄今仍無絲毫進程,集中式貯存場如何快速完成?何況,此舉不僅新增近一千億元的花費,而且本末倒置,重中之重應是盡速開始最終處置的實質作業。

再者,我國三座核電廠本就規畫建置室外乾貯場,並已合乎國際標準及安全規範,現在因應環團要求,必須各自增建室內乾貯廠房。重點是,室外場地使用數年後將廢棄,改用室內廠房,整體新增費用達三百多億元。坦白說,乾貯使用執照期限本就四十年,等同於集中式貯存的功能,實不必畫蛇添足且浪費公帑。

經濟部為貫徹政府的非核家園政策,一方面極盡能事打壓核電,另一方面又想擴充後端基金規模,規畫增建一干缺乏實質效益的後端設施,到底意欲何為?台電今年度真有盈餘,也應是優先填補電價平穩基金缺口,怎會是提撥更多的後端基金呢?

爾俸爾祿皆民脂民膏,請經濟部以人民為重,務實行政別唬爛!

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有人想搞?
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https://www.energylivenews.com/2020/09/17/nuclear-power-is-likely-to-continue-to-play-a-key-role-in-global-low-carbon-energy-mix/
Nuclear power is likely to continue to play a key role in the global low carbon energy mix.

That’s the suggestion from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which says the divisive form of energy generation could help match electricity consumption growth, improve air quality, guarantee the security of energy supply and protect against the price volatility of other fuels if it was more widely adopted as the world’s energy systems move towards decarbonisation.

Under a high-case scenario, the IAEA predicts an increase of global nuclear electrical generating capacity by 82% to 715GW – at the same time, global electricity generation is expected to more than double, meaning the share of nuclear power amongst all sources of electricity would be likely to either remain stable or decline from current figures –  in 2019, nuclear power generated 10.4% of global electricity.

In the report’s low-case scenario, global nuclear electrical generating capacity is forecast to fall by 7% to 392GW, which could see its share of nuclear energy relative to global electricity production drop to roughly 6%.

The analysts working on the study say “immediate and concerted action” is required for nuclear power to reach the high-case scenario’s share of 11% in electricity production by 2050 – the low case scenario could see the share of nuclear energy relative to global electricity production fall to approximately 6%.

The report stresses to avoid this happening, there is a need for significant new nuclear capacity to offset approaching retirements, which must be driven by supportive energy policies and market designs to facilitate investment.

IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi said: “The latest IAEA annual projections show that nuclear power will continue to play a key role in the world’s low-carbon energy mix, with global nuclear electrical capacity seen nearly doubling by 2050 in our high case scenario. Climate change mitigation remains a key potential driver for maintaining and expanding the use of nuclear power.”

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貼文章應該不會被28吧
外國不少國家都把核能視為減碳手段之一
反觀
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LV. 27
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710 樓 阿華田 masaki102418
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政府有想推動的話,早過了~~加油好嗎
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LV. 27
GP 717
711 樓 NA qzwxas123456
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核三廠首次除役環評說明會 地方關注核廢去留及回饋金

〔記者蔡宗憲/屏東報導〕核三廠兩座機組預定2024年起陸續除役,台電今天在恆春鎮公所舉行「核能三廠除役計畫第二階段環境影響評估公開說明會」,現場居民及環團聚焦核廢處理及回饋金問題,台電強調核廢不會永久留在廠區,回饋金則保持25年不變,並持續監控廠區生態環境。

這場關係地方未來發展的說明會,台電由副總經理簡福添南下主持,包恆春鎮長陳文弘、車城鄉秘書張雪屏、當地議員民代及各立委服務處都派人參加,台電解釋計畫內容以民眾健康及安全維前提,並擬定核能安全、緊急應變、環境監測、環境管理及施工計畫等。

除役計畫待原能會審查同意後,展開為期25年的除役作業,包括1、2號機圍阻體及各式廠房都將拆除,另新建核子燃料中期儲存設施、新建低放射性廢棄物儲存庫、超高壓縮機、低放射性廢樹脂處理等設施。

但這些除役設施並非居民及環團關注焦點,墾管處代表發言強調,25年除役期時間長,希望台電針對空間土地利用及廠區生態環境背景,能提出背景資料及數據;幾個參與的環團代表則認為,核三廠除役後的回饋金機制、廠內改建太陽能發電板的細節、除役作業對極端天候應對、當地居民在除役過程的工作權、以及除役作業是否造成觀光衝擊,都該納入考量向當地說清楚。

台電表示,當地民眾最關注的回饋金問題,將依照近3年平均發電量為基準回饋25年;核廢料問題,在最終儲存場定案前,政府會設計中期儲存場,除役展開三至五年後,會儘快採海運方式將廠內核廢運出;至於廠區轉作太陽能發電仍需規劃及環評作業,非除役計畫的一環。

希望除役後不會火力要開更大
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712 樓 NA qzwxas123456
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https://www.cbc.ca/radio/thehouse/chris-hall-there-s-no-path-to-net-zero-without-nuclear-power-says-o-regan-1.5730197

Minister of Natural Resources Seamus O'Regan says Canadians have to be open to the idea of more nuclear power generation if this country is to meet the carbon emissions reduction targets it agreed to five years ago in Paris.

O'Regan spoke to CBC's The House in advance of next week's speech from the throne, which the prime minister and others say will include measures to ensure the post-COVID-19 recovery leads to a greener economy.

While the exact details are still being worked out, O'Regan suggested the speech could include commitments to improving energy efficiency in homes and businesses and promises to invest in clean technology, such as hydrogen fuel cells and small modular reactors (SMRs).

"And we really do believe that one of the best things we could do when we talk about building back better is is looking at how we can make those investments that are going to work in not just the short term, but the medium and the long term for the competitiveness of this country," he told The House.

"Clean energy is one of those ways, there's no question. And clean energy does mean jobs and it does mean competitiveness and it does mean growth. So I don't think there's any slacking up on those things."

"Those things" are also intended to satisfy the wishes of progressive voters and the opposition New Democrats, who are demanding the Liberals begin delivering on past commitments to help keep the globe's temperature from rising more than two degrees.

A recent poll by Abacus Data suggested that as many Canadians believe climate change is a crisis today as did before the pandemic. That's particularly true among Liberal, New Democrat, Green and Bloc Québécois supporters.

No form of energy production is risk-free. Hydroelectric dams threaten fish and other wildlife habitat. Shifting to hydrogen as an energy source for industry would require pipelines to move the fuel across the country. Nuclear power plants produce radioactive waste.

Natural Resources Minister Seamus O’Regan discusses potential options on the table for green jobs and clean energy programs in advance of Wednesday's speech from the throne. 12:03
SMRs and Canada's energy future

O'Regan said the government remains on track to present its national hydrogen strategy this fall. He also said that small, modular nuclear reactors will be an important component of Canada's energy future.

"We have not seen a model where we can get to net-zero emissions by 2050 without nuclear," O'Regan said. "The fact of the matter is that it produces zero emissions."

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission approved the design of a small modular reactor last week. France is also gearing up by using its experience in designing reactors for nuclear submarines to create an SMR for commercial use.

Canada is also looking more seriously at the technology, even though critics argue it is unproven and uneconomic.

"There are models that we're looking at that would reduce the amount of nuclear waste. There are other models that would recycle nuclear waste," O'Regan said.

"This could get very exciting. A lot has happened in the nuclear space, and I think Canadians are more open to it, understanding that this is a zero-emission energy source."

New Brunswick Premier Blaine Higgs, who won a majority victory on Monday, also has spoken about the potential of SMRs in Canada's electrical grids.

"We are seizing an opportunity for New Brunswick to develop technology that will put our province, and our entire country, back on the map as a global emissions reduction leader," he said during the campaign.
The 'hidden fuel'

Producing more clean energy is one side of the equation. O'Regan suggested the speech from the throne also could pitch measures to make homes and businesses more energy-efficient.

"[Energy efficiency measures] alone — if we get it right and do it thoroughly — would bring us, I think, 40 per cent of the way towards our Paris Accord targets," he said. "That's phenomenal and a very practical measure that would involve just about everybody in the country, and create thousands of jobs."

The International Energy Agency called retrofitting the "hidden fuel" back in 2013 — but efforts to improve energy efficiency have been slowing down lately.

In a report released last month, the agency argued that increasing investments in energy efficiency will be an important factor in the post-pandemic economic recovery.

The Liberals promised in the last election to provide interest-free loans of up to $40,000 to homeowners to upgrade old furnaces, replace windows and otherwise make their homes more energy-efficient. That idea featured in some of the mandate letters Trudeau issued to his cabinet members.

It wouldn't be a stretch to expect that commitment to appear again in Wednesday's throne speech.
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LV. 27
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https://www.bworldonline.com/nuclear-power-possible-by-2027-energy-dept-says/

NUCLEAR ENERGY could be helping power the grid by 2027 at the earliest, according to the Department of Energy (DoE).

“Gumawa po ng study ang DoE, in the year 2030, pwede na ipasok ang nuclear power in the energy mix (The DoE prepared a study which found that nuclear power can enter the energy mix in 2030),” Energy Assistant Secretary Gerardo D. Erguiza, Jr. said, referring to the findings under the Philippine Energy Plan.

However, under an optimistic scenario, nuclear power could be launched “as early as 2027,” he said.

At a virtual industry gathering Saturday, Energy Secretary Alfonso G. Cusi declared that the “time is ripe” for the Philippines to pursue nuclear power.

“The DoE considers nuclear energy as a long-term energy option and part of its strategy to address energy security through the diversification of energy sources,” he said in a message read by Mr. Erquiza.

President Rodrigo R. Duterte in an executive order issued in July ordered an inter-agency body led by the DoE to determine the viability of nuclear power and review current policy.

Mr. Cusi in August told reporters that he expects the government to adopt a national position on nuclear energy by the end of 2020.

The fastest way to reintroduce nuclear power is by reviving the mothballed 621-megawatt Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP), which the president also ordered to be reviewed, according to Carlo A. Arcilla, director of the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology.

“Pag binuksan ang BNPP, $1 billion lang ang cost. Two-three years na operation, mababawi na ang cost of importation dahil sa coal savings (If the BNPP becomes operational, it will cost $1 billion. That will pay back after two or three years from the savings on importing coal),” Mr. Arcilla said at the same event.

He noted that around $6 billion is needed to build new baseload nuclear facilities.

No new nuclear plants are expected to come online over the next decade due to the high capital costs and safety considerations, analysts said.

“We maintain our forecast that no nuclear capacity will come online in the country over the coming decade, and will only seek to revise it if we see concrete project developments going forward,” Fitch Solutions Country Risk and Industry Research said in a recent commentary.

Meanwhile, Mr. Erquiza said it was important to lay down the legislative and regulatory frameworks to attract investors. At present, six measures on nuclear power are pending in various House committees, while an old Senate bill has yet to be refiled.

Alpas Pinas, a group of nuclear energy advocates, expressed the hope that Senator Ralph G. Recto, who joined the conference, will help refile the measure.

“To ensure that when planning out our energy needs, nuclear should be included as soon as possible. It takes a decade to build a plant, maybe even longer, and we have to start immediately,” Mr. Recto said.

The Philippines is close to fulfilling the 19 requirements prescribed by the International Atomic Energy Agency for countries seeking to develop nuclear energy, Mr. Cusi has said. — Adam J. Ang
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未登入的勇者,要加入 714 樓的討論嗎?
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7690 筆精華,09/06 更新
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face基於日前微軟官方表示 Internet Explorer 不再支援新的網路標準,可能無法使用新的應用程式來呈現網站內容,在瀏覽器支援度及網站安全性的雙重考量下,為了讓巴友們有更好的使用體驗,巴哈姆特即將於 2019年9月2日 停止支援 Internet Explorer 瀏覽器的頁面呈現和功能。
屆時建議您使用下述瀏覽器來瀏覽巴哈姆特:
。Google Chrome(推薦)
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。Microsoft Edge(Windows10以上的作業系統版本才可使用)

face我們了解您不想看到廣告的心情⋯ 若您願意支持巴哈姆特永續經營,請將 gamer.com.tw 加入廣告阻擋工具的白名單中,謝謝 !【教學】